It is rights resulting from intellectual creativity .The emergence of these rights was addressed the impact of a myth and has been credited in saving the great innovators, authors and researchers from theft and looting of their rights in public, after having been so in the past. These rights were not uncommon and couldn’t find any protection.
Intellectual property is divided to:
1 – Literary and artistic property
The term literary and artistic property is refer to all the work in the field of literature, science and technique, whatever the method
or form of expression and whatever its value or purpose of this work is the property of the author.
2 – Industrial property
Types of literary and artistic property.
The rights of literary and artistic property are those designated by the legislature as the author copyright and related rights.
Author: is the person or entity who is the self -creator of the work.
According to this concept it gives the author’s moral rights and the exclusive right to exploit his work. Copyright is divided into:
- Moral right
- Financial right
The moral right of the author
The moral right of the author focused on the protection of the personal copyright creator of the work, and to protect the workbook as something of intrinsic value regardless of the author. Here invoked moral rights to protect the integrity of intellectual ideas as the public interest even after the death of the author and fits into a workbook in a counter public property.
The financial right of the author
It means the financial right of the author ,to give each owner a monopoly on the production of his mind to use this production with the return of the benefit or profit to him.
Exclusive rights to the author
- Copy right: It is not limited to the reproduction or production of all the work, but enough to breach the right to copy or quote a very small part of the work in some cases (such as pages of a book). Also this includes developing record from the work (electronic storage of the work or sound recording).
- Derivation right: this means the production of a new work depending on the original work, such as translation of the book, turning work into audible book, or assembly of quotations from various works and put them in a single work.
- The right of representation: for example, delivering a lecture and intervention within which there are broadcasting rights and as providing research at a conference.
- Publication or distribution: provide copies of the work commercially or distributing to the public in a non-commercial form.
- Moral rights: means to put the author name on the work, and work cannot be attributed to another author, and not subjected to distortion or change.
It is the rights of the person or company who is responsible for distribution of the work and makes it available for public. Because it may be difficult to achieve this by the author himself, so he had to resort to those who is eligible to help him to spread his copy rights to the public. At the same time those who play that role need some sort of protection similar to that enjoyed by the authors. They so-called owners of rights related to copyright or related to it.
The Importance of Intellectual Property Rights
A lot of people might wonder why are intellectual property rights important. The list below shows the importance of the intellectual property rights. They include:
- Protection of the intellectual output of authors and creators especially after the great developments of computer technology and innovations. This resulted in the emergence of new and sophisticated means for the exchange of knowledge through an easy and effective way.
- Consideration from different countries to the role of intellectual property in the revitalization of the world economy and achieving significant financial income from it .
- The attention that is given to it by scholars of economics, politics and sociology, education and law.
- Therefore, the attention to intellectual property rights has become an urgent national need, especially in the time where sophisticated machine driven and governed by technology.
It is clear that the disparity between the countries to acquire the intellectual property rights, has led to the division of countries of the globe to different groups. Determination of the their level depends on possession of rights of intellectual property, disparity in the possession of these rights among nations, resulting in considerable variation in the degree of production and quality and the level of national income, as well as the standard of living of the individual. It is noted that the growing importance of intellectual property rights, may have prompted countries around the globe to enact laws regulating these rights have even become the newest branches of law.
Legal Protection of Intellectual Property
Law No. 82 of year 2002 protects the rights of authors particularly:
1. Written works as books, brochures, articles, pamphlets, scientific research, lectures and speeches.
2. Computer programs.
3. Workbooks, audio and video. Lectures and speeches are processed for its audio or visual forms or both, and any other oral works if they are registered.
4. Databases, whether written or seen from the computer.
5. Works of art.
Right to Copy or public broadcast: the author and his successor have the exclusive right of licensing or prevention copying his work, broadcasting, translating, editing, loaning or making it available to the public through the hardware or through networks or the internet information networks, telecommunication networks and other means.
Without prejudice to the rights of the author’s literary and provided that the name of the author and title of the work is written, it is allowed to others to do the following acts:
1. The performance of the workbook in an educational institution without collection of money directly or indirectly.
2. Taking a single copy of the workbook for purely personal use.
3. Use short sections of the workbook for teaching purposes (to clarify or explain).
4. Copy an article or short work or an extract from a workbook for the purposes of teaching for a single time where the name of the author and title of the work are mentioned.
The author (or the institution in charge) should express his unwillingness to copy his work or to resort to encryption, and so he will have the legal right to prosecute after that.
Collective or Shared Workbook
If more than one person sharing in an intellectual property and cannot be separated so that, they are considered all authors unless agreed in written procedure. In this case, one may not engage in copyright monopoly except only by written agreement. If the participation of each of the authors falls under a different kind of art, each had the right to exploit that part without harm the joint exploitation of the work unless otherwise agreed in writing procedure. Each of the authors has the right to bring claims in the event of an attack on any of the copyright. If he dies without successors: his rights will be shared by other authors or their successors, unless there is written procedure.
Patent Protection in Egypt
1. Law No. 82 of 2002 promulgating the Code of Intellectual Property Rights.
2. The development of intellectual property laws Dr. Mahboobi Dr. Mohammed rights.
3. http://www.alamalnet.com/vb/showthread.php?t=115473- article about plagiarism – Magazine ambassadors .
4. Questions about the education crisis in Egypt. By: Dr Nesma Elipatreek Professor of Journalism, Cairo University.
5. The axis of credibility and ethics
Forms and Downloads
Original Personal Copy of Microsoft Windows
Final Statistcs for Medical Ethics Committee
اشتراك طلاب كليه الأسكندريه مع كليه القاهره في مؤتمر جامعه هامبورج بألمانيا